Practical Options With The Vertical Milling Center
Mechanical milling is a process for removing chips with which to obtain a wide range of surfaces using the rotary motion of a tool to sharper. The processing usually takes place in several steps: from roughing to finishing. The first is to quickly remove a large amount of material as quickly and economically as possible. The finishing phase allows, through removing a smaller volume of metal, to obtain a product that conforms to the project in terms of dimensions, tolerances, and surface roughness. At the vertical milling center, you can have the best quality.
Milling Technique: Machines, Tools, and Parameters
The Milling Machine
The milling machine is the machine tool used for mechanical milling; in its basic form, it is made up of these components: a base, the table, where the piece to be milled is fixed, an upright, on which the spindle is housed which is driven by an electric motor. The spindle gives the milling tool, the cutter, the rotary motion that allows it to remove the chip. It is possible to classify the milling machines into two macro groups according to the tool’s orientation; In this way, horizontal milling machines and vertical milling machines are distinguished. The former has the spindle mounted horizontally, while the latter has the cutter oriented vertically. At the vertical milling center, all of these are correctly arranged.
The cutter is the tool installed on the milling machine, allowing the removal of the chip; it is a cylindrical tool with a circular section with cutting teeth arranged along the external circumference. The space between the cutting teeth is the pitch of the cutter. Depending on the number and arrangement of the cutting edges, there are various types of milling cutters to be used for different kinds of machining; in principle, the greater the number of teeth, the better the degree of finish applied to the workpiece.
The Different Types Of Cutter
Depending on the work to be carried out, numerous types of milling cutters are available, with different geometries:
- Helical cutters
- Cutters with offset teeth
- Double angle cutters
- Flat cutters
- End mills
- Chamfer cutters
- Face milling cutters
- Numerical control processing
The numerical control machine is an electronic / computer technology that allows the machine to perform machining in almost total autonomy with very high precision and process repeatability standards. All of these processes are now available at the vertical milling center.
Machining Centers For Milling
Milling is one of the typical processes that modern CNC machining centers can carry out. These are numerically controlled machines that allow you to perform various processes with a single set-up on multiple surfaces of the same piece to be machined.